May 132012
 

4 types of Reported Speeches in English:

Statement              Mary said “I will study at this school next year”

Request                 Mary asked me “Please, open the window!”

W-H Question     Mary asked me “Where will you study next year?

Yes/No Question  Mary asked me “Will you study at this school  next year?”

 

How to turn a normal sentence into a reported speech sentence:

1/ Reported Speech for Statement:

Use 4 steps in Grammar point “Reported Speech Part 1” to complete it.

Example: Mary said “I will study at this school next year

Step 1:   Mary said …………………………………………………………………… .

Step 2 :  Mary said she …………………………………………………………….. .

Step 3:   Mary said she would study ………………………………………….. .

Step 4:   Mary said she would study at that school the next year.

 

2/ Reported Speech for Request:

Request                                             Reported Speech

Vmaino                                                  to + Vmaino

Don’t + Vmaino                                   not + to + Vmaino

S + asked / told + O + (not) to Vo

Method: use 4 steps above

Example 1: Dave said to Mary “Give me your book now, Lan”.

Step 1:   Dave told Mary ……………………………………… .

Step 2:   Dave told Mary               him  her book                  .

Step 3:   Dave told Mary  to give  him her book                .

Step 4:   Dave told Mary to give him her book then .

Example 2: Dave said to Mary “Don’t give me your book now, Lan”.

Step 1:   Dave told Mary ……………………………………………… .

Step 2:   Dave told Mary                     him her book                                 .

Step 3:   Dave told Mary not to give him her book                               .

Step 4:   Dave told Mary not to give him her book then .

3/ Reported Speech for YES/NO question:

 

For Yes/No question, we need one more step (step 0).

Step 0: Turn “Yes/No question” into “normal sentence” with “if”

Example 1: Nam asked Lan “Can you go to school with me tomorrow?

Step 0: => if you can go to school with me tomorrow.

Step 1: Nam asked Lan                                                      .

Step 2: Nam asked Lan if she                                      him                           .

Step 3: Nam asked Lan if she could go                           him                       .

Step 4: Nam asked Lan if she could go to school with him the next day.

Example 2: Dave asked Mary “Do you like football?

Step 0: =>  If you like football.

Step 1: Dave asked Mary                                                   .

Step 2: Dave asked Mary if she                                       .

Step 3: Dave asked Mary if she liked football                 .

Step 4: Dave asked Mary if she liked football .

 

4/ Reported Speech for W-H question:

“How, what, why, when, when, who…”

Example 1: Dave asked Mary “Where will you go tomorrow?

Step 0:  => “Where you will go tomorrow?

Step 1: Dave asked Mary                                                                            .

Step 2: Dave asked Mary where she                                                   .

Step 3: Dave asked Mary  where she would go                                  .

Step 4: Dave asked Mary where she would go the next day.

Example 2:  Dave asked Mary “What do you like?

Step 0: => “What you like

Step 1: Dave asked Mary                                                     .

Step 2: Dave asked Mary what she                               .

Step 3: Dave asked Mary  what she liked                    .

Step 4: Dave asked Mary what she liked                   .

 

Exercise: Turn into reported speech

1.         I said to Mary “You are beautiful”.

Step 1:                                                                                                                

Step 2:                                                                                                                 

Step 3:                                                                                                                 

Step 4:                                                                                                                 

2.         Dave said to me “I will go to play football with you tomorrow”.

Step 1:                                                                                                                 

Step 2:                                                                                                                 

Step 3:                                                                                                                 

Step 4:                                                                                                                 

3.         I said to Mary “help me do this exercise, please”.

Step 1:                                                                                                                 

Step 2:                                                                                                                  

Step 3:                                                                                                                 

Step 4:                                                                                                                 

4.         Mary said to me “Don’t help me do this exercise, please”.

Step 1:                                                                                                                 

Step 2:                                                                                                                 

Step 3:                                                                                                                 

Step 4:                                                                                                                 

5.         Mary said to me “Are you happy with your work?”

Step 0:                                                                                                                

Step 1:                                                                                                                 

Step 2:                                                                                                                 

Step 3:                                                                                                                 

Step 4:                                                                                                                  

6.         Mary said to me “Can you help me?”

Step 0:                                                                                                                 

Step 1:                                                                                                                 

Step 2:                                                                                                                 

Step 3:                                                                                                                 

Step 4:                                                                                                                 

7.         Mary said to me “Do you know Mr John?”

Step 0:                                                                                                                 

Step 1:                                                                                                                 

Step 2:                                                                                                                

Step 3:                                                                                                                 

Step 4:                                                                                                                 

8.         Mary said to me “What will you do tomorrow?”

Step 0:                                                                                                                

Step 1:                                                                                                                

Step 2:                                                                                                                

Step 3:                                                                                                                 

Step 4:                                                                                                                 

9.         Mary said to me “How do you go to school?”

Step 0:                                                                                                                 

Step 1:                                                                                                                 

Step 2:                                                                                                                 

Step 3:                                                                                                                 

Step 4:                                                                                                                

10.      Mary said to me “How did you go to school yesterday?”

Step 0:                                                                                                                

Step 1:                                                                                                                 

Step 2:                                                                                                                

Step 3:                                                                                                               

Step 4:                                                                                                                  

Solution:

1.         I said to Mary “You are beautiful”.

Step 1:   I said to  Mary                                             .

Step 2:   I said to Mary she                                      .

Step 3:   I said to Mary she was                              .

Step 4:   I said to Mary she was beautiful          .

2.         Dave said to me “I will go to play football with you tomorrow”.

Step 1:   Dave said to me

Step 2:   Dave said to me he                                                              me                              .

Step 3:   Dave said to me he would go to play                 me                              .

Step 4:   Nam said to me he would go to play football with me the next day

3.         I said to Mary “help me do this exercise, please”.

Step 1:   I told Mary                                                               .

Step 2:   I told Mary                me                                          .

Step 3:   I told Lan to help me do                                         .

Step 4:   I told Lan to help me do that exercise         .

4.         Mary said to me “Don’t help me do this exercise, please”.

Step 1:   Mary told me                                                                                   .

Step 2:   Mary told me                                   her                                         .

Step 3:   Mary told me not to help her do                                                  .

Step 4:   Mary told me not to help her do that exercise       .

5.         Mary said to me “Are you happy with your work?”

Step 0:   => “if you are happy with your work”.

Step 1:    Mary told me                                                                       .

Step 2:    Mary told me If I                                         my work .

Step 3:    Mary told me if I was                                 my work .

Step 4:    Mary told me if I was happy with my work.

6.         Mary said to me “Can you help me?”

Step 0:    If you can help me.

Step 1:     Mary told me                                                           .

Step 2:     Mary told me if if I                                                 her.

Step 3:     Mary told me if I could help her.

Step 4:     Mary told me if I could help her.

7.         Mary said to me “Do you know Mr John?”

Step 0:     if you know Mr John.

Step 1:      Mary told me                                                           .

Step 2:      Mary told me if I                                         Mr John.

Step 3:      Mary told me if I knew Mr John.

Step 4:      Mary told me if I knew Mr John.

8.         Mary said to me “What will you do tomorrow?”

Step 0:      what you will do tomorrow

Step 1:       Mary told me                                                           .

Step 2:       Mary told me what I                                             .

Step 3:       Mary told me what I would do                          .

Step 4:       Mary told me what I would do the next day.

9.         Mary said to me “How do you go to school?”

Step 0:       How you go to school.

Step 1:        Mary told me how                                                 .

Step 2:        Mary told me how I                                               .

Step 3:        Mary told me how I went to school.

Step 4:        Mary told me how I went to school.

10.      Mary said to me “How did you go to school yesterday?”

Step 0:        How you went to school yesterday.

Step 1:         Mary told me                                                                       .

Step 2:         Mary told me  how I                                                          .

Step 3:         Mary told me how I had gone                                       .

Step 4:         Mary told me how I had gone to school yesterday.

    Related Posts:

    May 132012
     

    Reported Speech:

    Reported Speech is used to report what other people say.

    Ex:

    Normal sentence: Dave said to me I will help you do this exercise tomorrow.

    Reported speech:Dave said to me he would help me do that exercise the next day.

     

    4 factors in Reported Speech:

    1/ Eliminate “…”

    Normal sentence with “…”

    Reported speech without “…”

    2/  Asker and listener:

    Normal sentence: Asker “I” and listener “you”

    Reported speech: “I” => “he” and “you” => “me”

    3/ The tense:

    Normal sentence: the future tense “will”

    Reported speech: the past tense “would”

    4/ Time word and “this, that, these, those”:

    Normal sentence: “this” and “tomorrow”

    Reported speech: “this” => “that” and “tomorrow” => “the next day”

     

    How to turn a normal sentence into a reported speech sentence:

    Turn a normal sentence into a reported speech = change 4 factors above

    Factor 1: eliminate “…”

    Ex: David said to me “I will help you do this exercise tomorrow”.

    =>  David said to me ……………………………………………………………… .

     

    Factor 2: change “asker” and “listener”

    Ex:  Dave said to meI will help you do this exercise tomorrow”.

    => Dave said to me  he  ……….. me ……………………………………….

    Dave = “I” => turn “I” into “he”

    Me = “you”  => turn “you” into “me”

    Subject, Object and Adjpossessive:

    Pronoun-S

    Pronoun-O

    Adjposssesive

    I

    you

    he

    she

    we

    they

    it

    me

    you

    him

    her

    us

    them

    it

    my

    your

    his

    her

    our

    their

    its

    Specific situaion:

    The name of the man is replaced by “he” or “him”

    The name of the woman is replaced by “she” or “her”

     

    Factor 3: Turn all tenses into the past tenses.

    Ex:  Nam said to me “ I will help you do this exercise tomorrow”.

    => Nam said to me he would help me do ………………………………. .

    Future = “will” => Past = “would”

    7 past tenses of 7 basic tenses in English:

    Tense

    Normal

    Reported Speech

      Simple FutureSimple PresentPresent ContinuousPresent PerfectSimple PastPast Continuous

    Past Perfect

    S + will + V0+ OS + V1s,es+ OS + am/is/are + Ving+ OS + has/have + V3ed+ OS + V2ed+ OS + was,were + Ving + O

    S + had + V3ed + O

    S + would + V0 + OS + V2ed+ OS + was/were + Ving+ OS + had + V3ed+ OS + had + V3ed+ OS + had + been + Ving+ OS + had + V3ed + O

     

    Factor 4: time word and “this, that, these, those”…

    Ex: Nam said to me “ I will help you do this exercise tomorrow”.

    => Nam said to me he would help me do that exercise the next day.

    this => that               and          tomorrow => the next day

    Some frequent words:

    Now  => then

    Tomorrow  => the next day / the following day

    Next  => the next

    Yesterday  => the day before /  the previous day

    Ago  => before: 2 days ago => 2 days before

    Last + time  => the + time + before

    Here  => there

    This => that

    These => those

     

    Example 2: I said to Dave “I saw you in this coffee shop yesterday”

    Step 1: I said to Dave ……………………………………………………………… .

    Eliminate “…”

    Step 2: I said to Dave I ………… him …………………………………………. .

    “I” = “I” => turn “I” into “I”

    “Dave”  = “you” => turn “you” into “him”

    Step 3: I said to Dave I had seen him ……………………………………… .

    Simple Past into Past Perfect => “saw” into “had seen”

    Step 4: I said to Dave I had seen him in that coffee shop the day before.

    this => “that”    and     “yesterday” => “the day before”

     

    Exercise: Turn into Reported Speech with 4 steps above:

    1.         Dave said to Mary “I will go to school tomorrow”.

    Step 1:                                                                                                                   

    Step 2:                                                                                                                   

    Step 3:                                                                                                                   

    Step 4:                                                                                                                   

    2.         Mary said to Dave “I will go to school tomorrow”.

    Step 1:                                                                                                                   

    Step 2:                                                                                                                   

    Step 3:                                                                                                                   

    Step 4:                                                                                                                   

    3.         Mary said to Dave “I will go to school with you tomorrow”.

    Step 1:                                                                                                                   

    Step 2:                                                                                                                   

    Step 3:                                                                                                                   

    Step 4:                                                                                                                   

    4.         Mary said to me “I will go to school with you tomorrow”.

    Step 1:                                                                                                                   

    Step 2:                                                                                                                   

    Step 3:                                                                                                                   

    Step 4:                                                                                                                   

    5.         Mary said to Dave “I went to school with you yesterday”.

    Step 1:                                                                                                                   

    Step 2:                                                                                                                   

    Step 3:                                                                                                                   

    Step 4:                                                                                                                   

    Solution:

    1.         Dave said to Mary “I will go to school tomorrow”.

    Step 1: Dave said to Mary                                                                         .

    Step 2: Dave said to Mary he                                                                   .

    Step 3: Dave said to Mary he would go to school                              .

    Step 4: Dave said to Mary I would go to school the next day           .

    2.         Mary said to Dave “I will go to school tomorrow”.

    Step 1: Mary said to Dave                                                              .

    Step 2: Mary said to Dave she                                                       .

    Step 3: Mary said to Dave she would go to school                              .

    Step 4: Mary said to Dave she would go to school the next day      .

    3.         Mary said to Dave “I will go to school with you tomorrow”.

    Step 1: Mary said to Dave                                                                                .

    Step 2: Mary said to Dave she                                       him                           .

    Step 3: Mary said to Dave she would go to school with him                              .

    Step 4: Mary said to Dave she would go to school with him the next day .

    4.         Mary said to me “I will go to school with you tomorrow”.

    Step 1: Mary said to me                                                                                          .

    Step 2: Mary said to me she                                               me                              .

    Step 3: Mary said to me she would go to school with me                              .

    Step 4: Mary said to me she would go to school with me the next day      .

    5.         Mary said to Dave “I went to school with you yesterday”.

    Step 1: Mary said to Dave                                                                                .

    Step 2: Mary said to Dave she                                       him                           .

    Step 3: Mary said to Dave she had gone to school with him                                .

    Step 4: Mary said to Dave she had gone to school with him the day before .

      Related Posts: