May 132012
 

Preposition + time:

Each time word goes with a specific preposition in a specific situation.

Ex:  I will go to work at 7 a.m.

 

Main preposition + time:

  • AT:  hour

 at 7 o’clock                          at 10:30 p.m

  • ON: day

on Sunday                            on 21th December

  • IN: month, year, season, century, a long period of time

in Demcember                    in summer

in 2010                                  in 20th century

  • Before/after: time

before 7 a.m                                    after 7 a.m

 

Specific situations:

Time words always go with “at”:

at night                                  at midnight

at noon                                  at weekend

at breakfast                          at lunch

at dinner                               at the moment

at Christmas …

Time words always go with “on”:

on time

Time words always go with “in”:

in the morning                    in the afternoon

in the evening

 

Use “this” to replace for preposition:

Ex: – I will go to Australia in summer                      correct

–       I will go to Australia this summer                     correct

–       I will go to Australia in this summer                 incorrect

Ex: – I will go to the cinema on Sunday                   correct

–       I will go to the cinema this Sunday                    correct

–       I will go to the cinema  on this  Sunday            incorrect

 

If the sentence has 2 time words:

Ex:               on Sunday                in the evening

but      on Sunday evening             or        in Sunday evening

Rule: base on the first time word to define Preposition.

Sunday evening => “Sunday” is the first word

I will go to the cinema on Sunday evening.

 

Preposition + time and tenses:

“Preposition + time” is also a tool to define tenses in English.

Ex:   Dave often goes to school at 7 o’clock.    (Simple Present)

–     Dave will go to school on Sunday.                  ( Simple Future)

–     Dave went to Canada in 2010.                           (Simple Past)

            ………………………………

 

Exercise: Circle the correct answer

1.  We went to school                            Monday.

a. at                                        b. on

c. in                                        d. no preposition

2.  We went to school                            this Monday.

a. at                                        b. on

c. in                                        d. no preposition

3.  We often go to the cinema                                      weekends.

a. at                                        b. on

c. in                                        d. no preposition

4.  We’ll go to the cinema                                 this weekend.

a. at                                        b. on

c. in                                        d. no prepostion

5.  We often stay at home                                 Christmas.

a. at                                        b. on

c. in                                        d. no preposition

6.  We often go to the library                           the afternoon

a. at                                        b. on

c. in                                        d. no preposition

7.  We’ll go to the library                                  this afternoon.

a. at                                        b. on

c. in                                        d. no preposition

8.  We’ll go to the library                                  Sunday.

a. at                                        b. on

c. in                                        d. no preposition

9.  We’ll go to the library                                  this Sunday.

a. at                                        b. on

c. in                                        d. no preposition

10. We’ll go the library                                                  Sunday afternoon.

a. at                                        b. on

c. in                                        d. no preposition

Solution:

1. b                             2. d                             3. a                             4. d

5. a                             6. c                              7. d                             8. b

9. d                             10. b

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