May 132012
 

4 types of Reported Speeches in English:

Statement              Mary said “I will study at this school next year”

Request                 Mary asked me “Please, open the window!”

W-H Question     Mary asked me “Where will you study next year?

Yes/No Question  Mary asked me “Will you study at this school  next year?”

 

How to turn a normal sentence into a reported speech sentence:

1/ Reported Speech for Statement:

Use 4 steps in Grammar point “Reported Speech Part 1” to complete it.

Example: Mary said “I will study at this school next year

Step 1:   Mary said …………………………………………………………………… .

Step 2 :  Mary said she …………………………………………………………….. .

Step 3:   Mary said she would study ………………………………………….. .

Step 4:   Mary said she would study at that school the next year.

 

2/ Reported Speech for Request:

Request                                             Reported Speech

Vmaino                                                  to + Vmaino

Don’t + Vmaino                                   not + to + Vmaino

S + asked / told + O + (not) to Vo

Method: use 4 steps above

Example 1: Dave said to Mary “Give me your book now, Lan”.

Step 1:   Dave told Mary ……………………………………… .

Step 2:   Dave told Mary               him  her book                  .

Step 3:   Dave told Mary  to give  him her book                .

Step 4:   Dave told Mary to give him her book then .

Example 2: Dave said to Mary “Don’t give me your book now, Lan”.

Step 1:   Dave told Mary ……………………………………………… .

Step 2:   Dave told Mary                     him her book                                 .

Step 3:   Dave told Mary not to give him her book                               .

Step 4:   Dave told Mary not to give him her book then .

3/ Reported Speech for YES/NO question:

 

For Yes/No question, we need one more step (step 0).

Step 0: Turn “Yes/No question” into “normal sentence” with “if”

Example 1: Nam asked Lan “Can you go to school with me tomorrow?

Step 0: => if you can go to school with me tomorrow.

Step 1: Nam asked Lan                                                      .

Step 2: Nam asked Lan if she                                      him                           .

Step 3: Nam asked Lan if she could go                           him                       .

Step 4: Nam asked Lan if she could go to school with him the next day.

Example 2: Dave asked Mary “Do you like football?

Step 0: =>  If you like football.

Step 1: Dave asked Mary                                                   .

Step 2: Dave asked Mary if she                                       .

Step 3: Dave asked Mary if she liked football                 .

Step 4: Dave asked Mary if she liked football .

 

4/ Reported Speech for W-H question:

“How, what, why, when, when, who…”

Example 1: Dave asked Mary “Where will you go tomorrow?

Step 0:  => “Where you will go tomorrow?

Step 1: Dave asked Mary                                                                            .

Step 2: Dave asked Mary where she                                                   .

Step 3: Dave asked Mary  where she would go                                  .

Step 4: Dave asked Mary where she would go the next day.

Example 2:  Dave asked Mary “What do you like?

Step 0: => “What you like

Step 1: Dave asked Mary                                                     .

Step 2: Dave asked Mary what she                               .

Step 3: Dave asked Mary  what she liked                    .

Step 4: Dave asked Mary what she liked                   .

 

Exercise: Turn into reported speech

1.         I said to Mary “You are beautiful”.

Step 1:                                                                                                                

Step 2:                                                                                                                 

Step 3:                                                                                                                 

Step 4:                                                                                                                 

2.         Dave said to me “I will go to play football with you tomorrow”.

Step 1:                                                                                                                 

Step 2:                                                                                                                 

Step 3:                                                                                                                 

Step 4:                                                                                                                 

3.         I said to Mary “help me do this exercise, please”.

Step 1:                                                                                                                 

Step 2:                                                                                                                  

Step 3:                                                                                                                 

Step 4:                                                                                                                 

4.         Mary said to me “Don’t help me do this exercise, please”.

Step 1:                                                                                                                 

Step 2:                                                                                                                 

Step 3:                                                                                                                 

Step 4:                                                                                                                 

5.         Mary said to me “Are you happy with your work?”

Step 0:                                                                                                                

Step 1:                                                                                                                 

Step 2:                                                                                                                 

Step 3:                                                                                                                 

Step 4:                                                                                                                  

6.         Mary said to me “Can you help me?”

Step 0:                                                                                                                 

Step 1:                                                                                                                 

Step 2:                                                                                                                 

Step 3:                                                                                                                 

Step 4:                                                                                                                 

7.         Mary said to me “Do you know Mr John?”

Step 0:                                                                                                                 

Step 1:                                                                                                                 

Step 2:                                                                                                                

Step 3:                                                                                                                 

Step 4:                                                                                                                 

8.         Mary said to me “What will you do tomorrow?”

Step 0:                                                                                                                

Step 1:                                                                                                                

Step 2:                                                                                                                

Step 3:                                                                                                                 

Step 4:                                                                                                                 

9.         Mary said to me “How do you go to school?”

Step 0:                                                                                                                 

Step 1:                                                                                                                 

Step 2:                                                                                                                 

Step 3:                                                                                                                 

Step 4:                                                                                                                

10.      Mary said to me “How did you go to school yesterday?”

Step 0:                                                                                                                

Step 1:                                                                                                                 

Step 2:                                                                                                                

Step 3:                                                                                                               

Step 4:                                                                                                                  

Solution:

1.         I said to Mary “You are beautiful”.

Step 1:   I said to  Mary                                             .

Step 2:   I said to Mary she                                      .

Step 3:   I said to Mary she was                              .

Step 4:   I said to Mary she was beautiful          .

2.         Dave said to me “I will go to play football with you tomorrow”.

Step 1:   Dave said to me

Step 2:   Dave said to me he                                                              me                              .

Step 3:   Dave said to me he would go to play                 me                              .

Step 4:   Nam said to me he would go to play football with me the next day

3.         I said to Mary “help me do this exercise, please”.

Step 1:   I told Mary                                                               .

Step 2:   I told Mary                me                                          .

Step 3:   I told Lan to help me do                                         .

Step 4:   I told Lan to help me do that exercise         .

4.         Mary said to me “Don’t help me do this exercise, please”.

Step 1:   Mary told me                                                                                   .

Step 2:   Mary told me                                   her                                         .

Step 3:   Mary told me not to help her do                                                  .

Step 4:   Mary told me not to help her do that exercise       .

5.         Mary said to me “Are you happy with your work?”

Step 0:   => “if you are happy with your work”.

Step 1:    Mary told me                                                                       .

Step 2:    Mary told me If I                                         my work .

Step 3:    Mary told me if I was                                 my work .

Step 4:    Mary told me if I was happy with my work.

6.         Mary said to me “Can you help me?”

Step 0:    If you can help me.

Step 1:     Mary told me                                                           .

Step 2:     Mary told me if if I                                                 her.

Step 3:     Mary told me if I could help her.

Step 4:     Mary told me if I could help her.

7.         Mary said to me “Do you know Mr John?”

Step 0:     if you know Mr John.

Step 1:      Mary told me                                                           .

Step 2:      Mary told me if I                                         Mr John.

Step 3:      Mary told me if I knew Mr John.

Step 4:      Mary told me if I knew Mr John.

8.         Mary said to me “What will you do tomorrow?”

Step 0:      what you will do tomorrow

Step 1:       Mary told me                                                           .

Step 2:       Mary told me what I                                             .

Step 3:       Mary told me what I would do                          .

Step 4:       Mary told me what I would do the next day.

9.         Mary said to me “How do you go to school?”

Step 0:       How you go to school.

Step 1:        Mary told me how                                                 .

Step 2:        Mary told me how I                                               .

Step 3:        Mary told me how I went to school.

Step 4:        Mary told me how I went to school.

10.      Mary said to me “How did you go to school yesterday?”

Step 0:        How you went to school yesterday.

Step 1:         Mary told me                                                                       .

Step 2:         Mary told me  how I                                                          .

Step 3:         Mary told me how I had gone                                       .

Step 4:         Mary told me how I had gone to school yesterday.

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