May 122012
 

2 types of Quantity words:

Quantity words + N countable

Quantity words + N uncountable

Word

Structure

Example

Some

Some + Nouncountplural

            + Noununcount

Some pencils are on the table.

Some water is in the bottle.

ManyMuch

Many + Nouncountplural

Much + Noununcount

I put many apples on the table.There isn’t much fresh water on earth.
A lot of =Lots of =Plenty of A lot of + Nouncountplural

               + Noununcount

A lot of students are in the class now.A lot of water is on the table now.
A littleLittle

A little + Noununcount

  Little + Noununcount

I have a little water in the bottle.I have little water in the bottle.( a little = some, little = not much)
A fewFew

A few + Nouncountplural

  Few + Nouncountplural

There are a few empty rooms in this hotel. ( a few = some)There are few empty rooms in this hotel. ( few = not many)
All

   All    + Nouncountplural

            + Noununcount

All students are 16 years old.All water is on the table now.

 

Some specific situations:

  • Most/some/many/all with Nouncountplural:

Most/some/many/all + of + the/his/your/my/this/those… + Nouncountplural

Example:       Most of the students in this class are intelligent.

All of the students in this class are intelligent.

Any:

Any + Nouncountplural

            + Noununcount

“Any” is in use for negative sententce and question.

Example:       I don’t have any comic books.

Do you have any comic books?

Exercise 1: Complete the following sentences with “ many, much, a few, few, a little, little”

1.   He is very friendly. He has                              friends.

2.   I’m very busy these days. I don’t have                                 free time.

3.   It’s raining. There are only                             people on the street.

4.   We must save money, because we have                             money.

5.   This city is very exciting, therefore                                      tourists come here everyday.

Solution:

1.  many                    2.  any                                    3.  a few

4.  little                      5. many

Exercise 2: Complete the following sentences with “some” or “any”:

1.   I don’t have                            money, I don’t buy                                     books.

2.   I don’t have                            money, I must borrow                              money from my friends.

3.   I will go to the cinema with                                   friends next week.

4.   Can you put                            milk in my coffee?

5.   I’m so tired, I don’t want to do                              work.

Solution:

1.  any – any                   2.  any – some          3.  some

4.  some                           5. any

Exercise 3: Circle the correct answer

1.   I  do                              exercises everyday.

a. a lot                                    b. many

c.   much                          d. lots

2.   I  do                              the exercises everyday.

a.   a lot                                  b. a lot of

c.   much                                d. much of

3.   The teacher loves                             the students in the class.

a.   all                         b. all of

c.   much                                d. much of

4.   I eat                              apples everyday.

a.   much                               b. much of

c.   some                                d. some of

5.   I eat                              the apples everyday.

a.   much                               b. much of

c.   some                                d. some of

6.   I drink                                     the water everyday.

a.   many                               b. many of

c.   much                                d. much of

7.   I don’t have                            money now, because I spent so much.

a.   any                                   b. many

c.   a lot                                  d. lots

8.   I don’t have                            money now, because I spent so much.

a.   much                               b. many

c.   a lot                                  d. lots

9.   I’m happy, because                                      my friends come to my birthday.

a.   much                               b. much of

c.   all                         d. all of

10.  I buy                           books because I like books.

a.   much                               b. much of

c.   a lot                                  d. a lot of

Solution:

1.  b                                  2. b                             3. b                             4. c

5. d                                   6. d                             7. a                             8. a

9. d                                   10. d

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