May 122012
 

Although, though, even though, despite, inspite of:

Although/though/even though + S + V + O

= Despite/in spite of + N/phrase

Although is a linking word to express the contrastion.

Turn “although” into “inspite of” by turning “S + V + O” into “N/phrase”.

Ex:  Although I’m sick, I still go to school today.

=       In spite of my sickness, I still go to school today.

=       In spite of being sick, I still go to school today.

 

Exercise: Circle the correct answer

1. Dave never goes shopping,                  he has a lot of money.

a. although                           b. in spite of

2. Dave never goes shopping,                  having a lot of money.

a. although                           b. in spite of

3. Dave doesn’t go outside,                       today is Sunday.

a. although                           b. in spite of

4. Dave doesn’t go outside,                       being Sunday.

a. although                           b. in spite of

5. Dave still studies hard,                                      he has a good mark at school.

a. although                           b. in spite of

6. Dave still studies hard,                                      having a good mark at school.

a. although                           b. in spite of

7. Dave still goes to school, although                             .

a. he’s ill                                b. his sickness

8. Dave still goes to school, in spite of                           .

a. he’s ill                                b. his sickness

9. Dave still studies his lesson, although                                   .

a. it’s so late                         b. being late

10. Dave still studies his lesson, in spite of                               .

a. it’s so late                         b. being late

Solution:

1. a                 2. b                 3. a                 4. b

5. a                 6. b                 7. a                 8. b

9. a                 10. b

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