May 112012
 

Verb in English:

Verb is a word to cause action in a sentence.

Ex: I eat apple everyday

Verb = “eat” is an action in this sentence

3 types of Verb in English:

Vmain is a verb to cause action in a sentence. The sentence has no meaning without Vmain

Vmodal is a verb to supplement the meaning for Vmain. The sentence still has meaning without Vmodal

V= be, do, have is Vmain or Vmodal depending on its function in a sentence

Ex: I speak English.

–     Vmain = “speak” , without “speak”, we don’t understand this sentence

“I English”

Ex: I can speak English

–     Vmodal = “can” to supplement the meaning for Vmain =“speak”, without Vmodal, we still understand this sentence

“I speak English”

main, V modal and “be, do, have”:

Most Verbs in English are Vmain:

eat                              make

love                            study…

   There are only some Vmodal:

will                             can

be                               should

have                           must

do                               may…

   V = be, do, have:

     Be: am, is ,are, was, were

“be” = Vmodal used for continuous tenses

“be” = Vmain used as a connection word in a sentence

Ex: John is eating apple now. (be = Vmodal, no meaning)

–     John is a student. (be = Vmain)

     Do: do, does, did

“do” = Vauxiliary modal used for a negative sentence or a question

“do” = Vmain used as an action in a sentence, means “make”

Ex: I do not eat apple everyday. (do =Vauxiliary modal in negative sentence, no meaning)

–     Do you eat apple everyday? (do = Vauxiliary modal in a question, no meaning)

–     I do my homework everyday (do = Vmain = make)

     have: have, has, had

“have” = Vmodal used for perfect tenses

“have” = Vmain used as an action in a sentence.

Ex: I have studied English since 2010 (have = Vmodal in Present Perfect, no meaning)

–     I have a lot of money (have = Vmain=get)

 

In English, each verb is one of 2 kinds and each kind has 5 forms:

Vregular            and                Virregular

Ex:         Vregular                        Virregular

Vo               play                            go

V1              play, plays                go, goes

V2ed         played                       went

V3ed         played                       gone

Ving         playing                      going

Each verb form is used for specific tenses:

Vo is Vinfinitive used for future tenses (Simple Future…)

V1 is Vpresent used for present tenses (Simple Present…)

V2ed is Vpast used for past tenses (Simple Past…)

V3edis Vpast participal used for perfect tenses (Present Perfect…)

Ving is used for continuous tenses (Present Continuous…)

Example:

–   The simple future:        S + will + Vmaino

John will play footbal tomorrow.

John will go to school tomorrow.

–  The simple present:     S  +  Vs,es   ( or S + V1s,es)

John plays football everyday.

John goes to school everyday.

The simple past:           S  +  V2ed

John played football yesterday.

 John went to school yesterday.

The present perfect:    S + has/have + V3ed

John has played football since 2010.

John has gone to school since 2010.

The present continuous:         S  +  am/is/are  +  Ving

John is playing football now.

John is going to school now.

 

Exercise: Circle the correct answer

1/ Verb = “play” is:

a. Vmain      b. Vmodal         c. both a & b

2/ Verb = “play” is:

a. Vregular        b. Virregular

3/ Verb = “go” is:

a. Vmain      b. Vmodal         c. both a & b

4/ Verb = “go” is:

a. Vregular        b. Virregular

5/ Verb = “can” is:

a. Vmain      b. Vmodal         c. both a & b

6/ Verb = “will” is:

a. Vmain      b. Vmodal         c. both a & b

7/ Verb = “do” is:

a. Vmain      b. Vmodal         c. both a & b

8/ Verb = “be” is:

a. Vmain      b. Vmodal         c. both a & b

9/ Verb = “have” is:

a. Vmain      b. Vmodal         c. both a & b

10/ Verb = “should” is:

a. Vmain      b. Vmodal         c. both a & b

Solution:

1. a                             2. a                             3. a                             4. b

5. b                             6. b                             7. c                              8. c

9. c                              10. b

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