May 112012
 

Passive Voice:

Passive Voice is used to emphasize an action in the sentence, not a person or a thing that cause the action in the sentence.

Example:

Normal:                I eat apple everyday

Passive voice:     Apple is eaten by me everyday.

Structure:

S          +         Vmain   +         O

O         + be Vmain3,ed +        by S

How to write passive voice in correct grammar:

Example 1:    I    eat    apple

Step 1: Turn “S” into “O” and “O” into “S”

I           by me                         you     by you

He       by him                       she      by her

We      by us                          they    by them

It         by it                            John   by John

I           eat         apple

Apple                 by me

Step 2:  Turn Vmain into “be +  Vmain3,ed

In this sentence, Vmain = eat = Vmain1,s,es

=>   be + Vmain3,ed   =  be  +  eaten

Step 3: Define Vmodal:

  • If Vmodal is in the sentence, keep it in the new sentence with new S.
  • If Vmodal is not in the sentnece,  “be” will be used in the new sentence with new S.

In this sentence, there is no Vmodal and Snew = “Apple” is sigular => “be” = “is”:

Apple    is   eaten  by me

 

Example 2:      I  can  eat apple

Step 1:         Apple                   by me

Step 2:          Vmain = eat = Vmaino   =>   be + Vmain3,ed  =  be + eaten

Step 3:          Vmodal = “can” => can be eaten

Apple can   be + eaten by me

Example 3:   I’m able to eat apple

Step 1:          Apple                  by me

Step 2:          Vmain = eat = Vmaino   =>  be + Vmain3,ed    =   be + eaten

Step 3:           Vmodal = “am able to”=> am able to be etaten

Apple  is able to    be + eaten by me

 

Specific situation:

For negative sentence with Vauxillary “don’t, doesn’t, didn’t”, we use 3 following steps:

Example 4:   I   don’t   eat   apple

Step 1:   I                  apple     =>    Apple             by me

Step 2:  eliminate “do,does, did” and keep “not”:

be + not + Vmain3,ed    =>     am,is,are,was,were + not + eaten

Step 3:  Snew = “Apple” is singular => “be” = “is”

Apple  is not eaten  by me

 

Exercise: Turn the following sentences into passive voice form.

1.      We create  many technologies every year.

Step 1:                                                                                                                  

Step 2:                                                                                                                  

Step 3:                                                                                                                  

                                                                                                                       

2.      We create  one new technology every year.

Step 1:                                                                                                                  

Step 2:                                                                                                                  

Step 3:                                                                                                                  

                                                                                                                  

3.      We can create many technologies every year.

Step 1:                                                                                                                  

Step 2:                                                                                                                  

Step 3:                                                                                                                  

                                                                                                                  

4.      We can not create many technologies  every year.

Step 1:                                                                                                                  

Step 2:                                                                                                                  

Step 3:                                                                                                                  

                                                                                                                  

5.      We are able to create many technologies every year.

Step 1:                                                                                                                  

Step 2:                                                                                                                  

Step 3:                                                                                                                  

                                                                                                                  

6.      We created many technologies in 2006.

Step 1:                                                                                                                 

Step 2:                                                                                                                  

Step 3:                                                                                                                  

                                                                                                                  

7.      We created one new technology in 2006.

Step 1:                                                                                                                  

Step 2:                                                                                                                  

Step 3:                                                                                                                  

                                                                                                                  

8.      We have created many technologies since 2006.

Step 1:                                                                                                                  

Step 2:                                                                                                                  

Step 3:                                                                                                                  

                                                                                                                  

9.       We don’t create many techologies every year.

Step 1:                                                                                                                  

Step 2:                                                                                                                  

Step 3:                                                                                                                  

                                                                                                                  

10.       We didn’t create many technologies in 2006.

Step 1:                                                                                                                  

Step 2:                                                                                                                  

Step 3:                                                                                                                  

                                                                                                                  

 

Solution:

1.         We create  many technologies every year.

Step 1:           Many technologies                                       by us

Step 2:           Vmain = create = Vmain1,s,es   =>   be + V3ed  = be + created

Step 3:           no Vmodal  and Snew is plural => “be = created” = “are created”

Many techonologies    are created   by us every year.

 

2.         We create  one new technology every year.

Step 1:           One new technology                                                by us

Step 2:           Vmain = create = Vmain1,s,es   =>   be + V3ed  = be + created

Step 3:           no Vmodal  and S is singular => “be + created” = “is + created”:

One new techonology    is created   by us every year.

 

3.         We can create many technologies every year.

Step 1:           Many technologies                                     by us

Step 2:           Vmain = create = Vmaino   =>   be + V3ed  = be + created

Step 3:           Vmodal = “can” => can be created:

Many techonologies can be created by us every year.

4.         We can not create many technologies  every year

Step 1:           Many technologies                                     by us

Step 2:           Vmain = create = Vmaino   =>   be + V3ed  = be + created

Step 3:           Vmodal = “can not” => can not be created:

Many techonologies can not be created by us every year.

 

5.      We are able to create many technologies every year.

Step 1:           Many technologies                         by us

Step 2:           Vmain = create = Vmaino   =>   be + V3ed  = be + created

Step 3:           Vmodal = “are able to”  =>  are able to be created

Many technologies are able to be created by us every year.

 

6.         We created many technologies in 2006.

Step 1:           Many technologies                         by us

Step 2:           Vmain = create = Vmain2,ed   =>   be + V3ed  = was/were + created

Step 3:           no Vmodal and S is plural     =>   was/were + created = were + created

Many technologies were created by us in 2006.

7.         We created one new technology in 2006.

Step 1:           One new technology                                  by us

Step 2:           Vmain = create = Vmain2,ed   =>   be + V3ed  = was/were + created

Step 3:           no Vmodal and S is singular    =>    “was/were+ created” = “was + created”

One new technology was created by us in 2006.

 

8.      We have created many technologies since 2006.

Step 1:           Many techonologies                                  by us

Step 2:           Vmain = create = Vmain3,ed   =>   be + V3ed  = been + created

Step 3:           Vmodal = “have”:

Many techonologies have been created by us since 2006

 

9.         We don’t create many techologies every year.

Step 1:           Many technologies                         by us

Step 2:           be + not + V3ed   =>      am/is/are + not + created

Step 3:           S is plural => “am/is/are + created” = “are + created”

Many technologies aren’t created by us every year.

 

10.      We didn’t create many technologies in 2006.

Step 1:           Many technologies                         by us

Step 2:           be + not + V3ed   =>    was/were + not + created

Step 3:           S is plural  => “was/were + not + created” = “were + not + created”:

Many technologies weren’t created by us in 2006

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