May 112012
 

Adj with suffix “ing” vs “ed”:

V   +   ing   =   Adj with active meaning

V   +    ed   =   Adj with passive meaning

Adj with “ed” is used to describe how people feel about a thing.

Adj with “ed” is used to describe how a thing affects to people.

 

Example:  interest (V)                  interesting (Adjactive)        interested (Adjpassive)

1. Correct: This book is interesting   to   Dave.

–          (= this book causes interest to Dave)

Incorrect:  This book is interested to Dave.

2. Correct: Dave is  interested  in this  book.

–     (= Dave is caused interest by this book)

Incorrect:  Dave is interesting in this book.

3. Correct: This is an interesting  book.

–     (book is interesting = interesting book)

Incorrect:  This is an interested book.

 

Adj position in a sentence:

S          +          V         +          O

Adj + N      be   +    Adj     Adj + N

 

Exercise: Circle the correct answer

1. Dave is                                at the new laptop that his dad buys for him.

a. exciting                             b. excited

2. The new laptop is                       to Dave with many interesting game.

a. exciting                             b. excited

3. Dave is very                       to hear that his dad will buy a new laptop for him.

a. surprising                         b. surprised

4. Dave is                                in the new laptop that he has.

a. interesting                        b. interested

5. The new laptop is                       to Dave.

a. interesting                        b. interested

6. Dave is so                                      because of working hard all day.

a. tiring                                  b. tired

7. Dave feels so                     because of working hard all day.

a. tiring                                  b. tired

8. Working hard all days is                       to Dave.

a. tiring                                  b. tired

9. Firework is always                                 Dave on New Year Eve.

a. frightening                       b. frightened

10. Dave is always                                       with firework on New Year Eve.

a. frightening                       b. frightened

Solution:

1. b                    2. a                    3. b                    4. b

5. a                    6. b                    7. b                    8. a

9. a                    10. b

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