May 102012

The Present Perfect:

Positive:        S + has/have + V3ed

Negative:      S + has/have + not + V3ed

Yes/No:         Has/have + S + V3ed … ?

W-H:             W-H + has/have + S + V3ed … ?


Ssingular + has

Splural + have

S = “I” + have

S = “You” + have


The Present Perfect:

The Present Perfect expresses an action that happened in the past, prolongs until the present and can continue happening in the future.

Time word for Present Perfect:

Since + point of time

For + period of time

How long

Ex: She has learned English since 2010.

–    She has learned English for 5 years.

–    How long has she learned English?


Specific Situation:

Ex: I have had a lot of money since 2010

We have 2 verbs “have” and “had

have” is Vmodal to indicate Present Perfect “has/have + V3ed

had” is Vmain3,ed with the meaning “have something

Ex: I haven’t had a lot of money since 2010.

–    Have you had a lot of money since 2010?


In English, each verb is one of 2 following groups:

Vregular             and                 Virregular

Example:                  Vregular                    Virregular

Vo                   play                            go

V1                     play, plays                go, goes

V2ed                played                       went

V3ed               played                       gone

Ving                playing                      going


In English, each verb form is used for different tenses:

Vo is called Vinfinitive used for future tenses

V1 is called Vpresent used for present tenses

V2ed is Vpast used for past tenses

V3edis called Vpast participal used for perfect tenses

Ving is called Vparticipal used for continuous tenses


The simple future:        S + will + Vmaino

Ex: John will play footbal tomorrow.

–     John will go to school tomorrow.

The simple present:     S  +  Vs,es   ( or S + V1s,es)

Ex: John plays football everyday.

–    John goes to school everyday.

The simple past:           S  +  V2ed

Ex: John played football yesterday.

–    John went to school yesterday.

“Go” is Vregular at V2  = “went”

–        The present perfect:    S + has/have + V3ed

Ex: John has played football since 2010.

–    John has gone to school since 2010.

The present continuous:         S  + am/is/are + Ving

Ex: John is playing football now.

John is going to school now.

Common Virregular in English

Vo                                V1s,es                           V2                                V3

be                               am,is,are                   was,were                  been

can                             can                             could                          could

will                             will                             would                           would

may                            may                            might                         might

should                       should                       should                       should

have                           have, has                   had                             had

do                               do(es)                         did                              done

make                          make(s)                     made                          made

teach                          teach(es)                   taught                                    taught

sing                            sing(s)                       sang                           sung

become                     become(s)                became                     become

buy                             buy(s)                        bought                       bought

drink                          drink(s)                     drank                         drunk

eat                              eat(s)                         ate                              eaten

go                               go(es)                         went                           gone

forget                         forget(s)                    forgot                        forgot

know                         know(s)                    knew                          known

meet                           meet(s)                      met                             met

speak                         speak(s)                    spoke                         spoken

think                          think(s)                     thought                     thought


Exercise 1: Use the correct Verb form

1/ John (learn)                                       English since 2010

2/ We (learn)                                         English since 2010

3/ I (learn)                                              English since 2010.

4/ You (learn)                                        English since 2010.

5/                     John (learn)                               English since 2010?

6/                     we (learn)                                  English since 2010?

7/                     I (learn)                                       English since 2010?

8/                     you (learn)                                 English since 2010?

9/ How long                       John (learn)                      English?

10/ How long                    we (learn)                         English?

Exercise 2: Use the correct Verb form

1/ John (learn)                                       English everyday.

2/ John (learn)                                       English yesterday.

3/ John (learn)                                       English tomorrow.

4/ John (learn)                                       English now.

5/ John (learn)                                       English at 2 p.m yesterday.

6/ John (learn)                                       English for 5 years.

7/ John (not learn)                                            English everyday.

8/ John (not learn)                                            English yesterday.

9/ John (not learn)                                            English tomorrow.

10/ John (not learn)                                         English for 5 years.


Exercise 1:

1/ John     has learned              English since 2010

2/ We       have learned                        English since 2010

3/ I            have learned                        English since 2010.

4/ You      have learned                        English since 2010.

5/     Has         John         learned          English since 2010?

6/   Have       we            learned          English since 2010?

7/   Has          I                 learned          English since 2010?

8/   Have       you           learned          English since 2010?

9/ How long        has         John    learned      English?

10/ How long     have       we      learned     English?

Exercise 2:

1/ John     learns            English everyday.

2/ John     learned          English yesterday.

3/ John     will learn      English tomorrow.

4/ John     is learning    English now.

5/ John     was learning                        English at 2 p.m yesterday.

6/ John     has learned              English for 5 years.

7/ John     doesn’t learn            English everyday.

8/ John     didn’t learn              English yesterday.

9/ John     will not learn           English tomorrow.

10/ John       hasn’t learned         English for 5 years.

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