May 102012
 

The Past Perfect:

Positive:        S + had + V3ed

Negative:      S + had + not + V3ed

Yes/No:         Had + S + V3ed … ?

W-H:              W-H + had + S + V3ed

 

The Past Perfect:

The Past Perfect is used to express an action that happened before another action or a specific time in the past.

Time words for Past Perfect:

Before                                   after

Ex: She had studied English before she ate dinner yesterday.

–    She studied English after she had eaten dinner yesterday.

–    She hadn’t studied English before she ate dinner yesterday.

–     Had she studied English before she ate dinner yesterday?

–    What had she studied before she ate dinner yesterday?

 

Exercise 1: Use the correct Verb form

1/ John (eat)                                           one apple before he went to school yesterday.

2/ We (eat)                                             one apple before we went to school yesterday.

3/ After John (eat)                                            one apple, he went to school yesterday.

4/ After we (eat)                                                one apple, we went to school yesterday.

5/ John (eat)                                                       one apple after he had gone to school yesterday.

6/ We (eat)                                                         one apple after he had gone to school yesterday.

7/ Before John (eat)                                         one apple, he had gone to school yesterday.

8/ Before we (eat)                                            one apple, we had gone to school yesterday.

9/ John (not eat)                                                one apple before he went to school yesterday.

10/ We (not eat)                                                one apple before we went to school yesterday.

Exercise 2: Use the correct Verb form

1/ John (read)                                        English book everyday.

2/ John (read)                                        English book yesterday.

3/ John (read)                                        English book tomorrow.

4/ John (read)                                        English book now.

5/ John (read)                                        English book at 2 p.m yesterday.

6/ John (read)                                        English book since 2010

7/ John (read)                                        English book before he went to sleep last night.

8/ John (not read)                                             English book everyday.

9/ John (not read)                                             English book yesterday.

10/ John (not read)                                           English book tomorrow.

 

Solution:

Exercise 1:

1/ John     had eaten                  one apple before he went to school yesterday.

2/ We       had eaten                  one apple before we went to school yesterday.

3/ After John      had eaten      one apple, he went to school yesterday.

4/ After we         had eaten      one apple, we went to school yesterday.

5/ John                 ate                  one apple after he had gone to school yesterday.

6/ We                   ate                  one apple after he had gone to school yesterday.

7/ Before John          ate           one apple, he had gone to school yesterday.

8/ Before we             ate           one apple, we had gone to school yesterday.

9/ John     hadn’t eaten             one apple before he went to school yesterday.

10/ We     hadn’t eaten             one apple before we went to school yesterday.

Exercise 2:

1/ John                 reads              English book everyday.

2/ John                 read               English book yesterday.

3/ John                 will  read      English book tomorrow.

4/ John            is reading           English book now.

5/ John        was reading          English book at 2 p.m yesterday.

6/ John         has read                English book since 2010

7/ John         had read               English book before he went to sleep last night.

8/ John     doesn’t read             English book everyday.

9/ John     didn’t read                English book yesterday.

10/ John   will not read                        English book tomorrow.

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