Aug 272011
 

 

If you want to learn something effectively, you must know how to evaluate it. If you don’t evaluate it, you’ll keep learning it again and again without knowing that you’re repeating your learning, it’s useless.

Have you ever self-evaluated what level of grammar you have? If not, I’m sure you’ll spend so much time on practicing Grammar, even though basically, you have mastered grammar at a quite good level, so you don’t have time to practice other skills as Listening, Speaking, and that’s why you’re so bad at Listening and Speaking skills.

The exercise above will help you test your grammar to be sure that you have enough grammar for learning Listening and Speaking skills.

Exercise1: Test your knowledge, comprehension of pronouns (Pro), nouns (N), verbs (V), adjectives (Adj), adverbs (Adv).

Method:

Use the following root structure:

S           +          V         +          O

Define types of each word in the sentence

Example:        I          eat                two    cakes  at home.

S           V                          O

Type:    Pronoun     Vmain          number             N            Advplace

Example:        I        will      eat                a    cake  tomorrow.

S                    V                             O

Type:   Pronoun      Vmodal Vmain         Article    N    Advtime

Exercise: Define the type of each word in the sentences below:

 1.    I    eat    apple

Type:

2.    I    eat   green   apple

Type

3.    I   eat   green   apple   at   home

Type

4.    I   eat   green   apple   at   home   at   7 p.m

Type

5.    I   often   eat   green   apple   at   home   at   7 p.m

Type

6.    I   often   eat   two   green   apples   happily   at   home   at   7 p.m

Type

The sentence “I often eat two green apples happily at home at 7 pm” includes 20% of the entire English grammar and if you can understand every word, its type, what it stands there for, so it means that you got 20% of English grammar.

Solution:

I   often   eat    two green apples happily at home at 7 p.m.

       Pronoun      Vmain         Adj  +  N               Advmanner             Advtime

Advfrequency      Number                                     Advplace

I = Pronoun: pronoun used as Subject in the sentence.

Often = Advfrequency: adverb to show how often the action (Verb) happens in the sentence.

Eat = Vmain: also known as the normal verb, it used to be affected by the subject (S) and it impacts on Object (O) in the sentence.

Two = number: to show quantity of noun (N) behind it.

Green = Adj: adjective used to modify meaning to noun “apple”.

Apple = N:  Noun used as Object in the sentence to be affected by the action “eat” caused by Subject “I” in the sentence.

At home = Advplace: to show the place to eat apple is “at home”.

At 7 p.m = Advtime: to show the time to eat apple is  “at 7 pm”.

Exercise 2: Test your proficiency in 7 English tenses:

7 English tenses show that your proficiency in English grammar is 30%. If you can complete the exercises below, it means that you have mastered 30% of English grammar.

Method:
In English, you use tenses based on words showing time in the sentence. For example, you see the word “tomorrow” then you know that you must use the Future tense and the verb form will be “will + V0“.

S          +         V         +         O         Advtime

The Present tense is defined by the Advfrequency (a kind of Adv to show time) such as “always, often, everyday, everymonth …” or if you don’t see the word to show time, it means that you should use the Present tense.

The Present Perfect is defined by the time words “since, for” or some other words like “yet, already” …

Example: Put the verbs in the suitable form:

She (eat)                          apple tomorrow.

“Tomorrow ” is Adv to show time in future, it means that we use the Future tense in this sentence.

She    will    eat    apple   tomorrow.

Exercise: Put the verbs below in the suitable form:

1.  She (eat)                                                  apple everyday.

2.  She (not eat)                                           apple everyday.

3.  She (eat) can                                          apple everyday.

4.  She (eat)                                                  apple yesterday.

5.  She (not eat)                                           apple yesterday.

6.  She (eat)                                                  apple next week.

7.  She (not eat)                                           apple next week.

8.  She (eat)                                                  apple now.

9.  She (study)                                             English now.

10. She (study)                                            English since 2006.

Solution:

1.  She (eat)              eats                apple everyday.

2.  She (not eat)       doesn’t eat    apple everyday.

3.  She (eat) can                  eat                  apple everyday.

4.  She (eat)              ate                  apple yesterday.

5.  She (not eat)         didn’t eat    apple yesterday.

6.  She (eat)              will  eat         apple next week.

7.  She (not eat)       will not eat   apple next week.

8.  She (eat)       is   eating             apple now.

9.  She (study)      is studying       English now.

10. She (study)    has  studied      English since 2006.

 

Exercise 3: Test your ability to translate the language:

This ability shows that you’ve mastered 20% of English grammar. If you can translate the exercise below, you’ve already mastered 20% of English grammar.

Method:

We translate English with the folling method:

S     +        V         +          O

Position: 1                2                      3

It means that we always translate English from left to right, Subject (S) first, then Verb (V), and Object (O) last.

Example:        I     eat      apple

Root structure:S     V         O

Type:       Pronoun  Vmain   N

Position:         1          2          3

In English, when we have N phrase that has Adj in front of it, then we must translate noun first and then Adj  and then continue translation from left to right.

Example:          I     eat      green apple at home.

Root structure:  S     V                  O

Type:       Pronoun     Vmain        Adj+N    Advplace

Position:              1      2               4      3         5     6

Exercise: This exercise tests your translation ability by numbering position for each word below:

1.  He       is         student

Position:

2.  He       is         a    student

Position:

3.  He       is         a    good   student

Position:

4.  Do       you     know me?

Position:

“Do” is Auxiliary Verb, and we don’t translate it.

5.  What   do   you   often   do   in   your   free   time?

Position:

In this sentence, we have 2 verbs “do “:

do” first is the auxiliary verb, we don’t translate.

do” second is the main verb, so it will be translated.

Thus, “do” being a main verb or an auxiliary verb depends on its position.

Solution:

1.  He       is         student

Position:        1          2              3

2.  He       is         a    student

Position:        1          2          3          4

3.  He       is         a    good   student

Position:        1          2          3      5           4

4.  Do       you     know me?

Position:                   1            2          3

Do” is Auxiliary Verb, we don’t translate it.

5.  What   do   you   often   do   in   your   free   time?

Position:           4                 1        2        3      5      8        7        6

The reason we translate this sentence like above is because it’s formed from the answer and we figure out its position:

Answer:       I   often   go   picnic   in   my   free   time.

Position:     1    2          3       4          5     8       7         6

         What: is located at number 4, we must translate it at number 4 in the question.

 

Exercise 4: Test your ability of asking a question:

Asking a question tests your ability to combine between translation skill and grammar skill. It includes 20% of English grammar. If you can ask question and number position correctly, you have mastered 20% of English grammar.

Method:

We translate English with the folling method:

S            +     V         +          O

     Position:       1                    2                      3

In English, we create a question based on words we need to ask:

Example:     You     eat      apple

          Position:            1         2           3

If you want to ask about “apple”, you should use the following method:

You        eat      apple

You        eat      what

Position:    1             2          3

In the “W-H” question, the words “W-H” always stand in the first position of a sentence:

What       do       you     eat?

Position:     3                          1       2

Exercise: Ask the question for the underlined words and number each word position

1.   He       loves     Mary!

Question:

Position:

2.  He       loves     Mary!

Question:

Position:

3.  She     is         beautiful!

Question:

Position:

4.  She     eats     apple!

Question:

Position:

5.  She     is     watching    film!

Question:

Position:

Solution:

1.  He       loves     who!

Question:      Who does he love?

Position:         3                 1      2

2.  who    loves     Mary!

Who” stand in position of Subject (S), we don’t need to use Auxiliary Verb like other sentences.

Question:       Who  loves     Mary?

Position:           1          2            3

3.  She     is         how!

Question:      How   is         she?

Position:         3          2           1

4.  She     eats     what!

Question:      What   does   she   eat?

Position:         3                     1       2

5.  She     is     watching    what!

Question:       What   is   she   watching?

Position:          4         2     1           3

…………………………………………………

These exercises can be very simple but actually they contains the knowledge of 90% grammar that you have learned. In fact, complex grammar is only the expansion of the grammar above to help you learn more vocabulary and practice more. If you can complete these exercises and practice the skills presented in this book, I’m sure that your grammar will be equal as a 3-year student.

If you can pass these exercise, it means you master 90% of English grammar. Then, stop learning grammar if you want to speak English naturally and fluently. Instead, spend time on learning Speaking and you’ll see yourself speaking English very well as you wish.

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